Fiat Chrysler Hit With Record $105 Million Penalty Over Recalls

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Fiat Chrysler Automobiles agreed to pay a $70 million fine, accept three years of additional oversight by an independent monitor and buy back more than 500,000 vehicles as part of a consent agreement to settle a U.S. government probe into 23 recalls since 2009.

The $70 million cash fine is part of a potential $105 million civil penalty, the largest ever imposed by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), and part of a sweeping settlement to spur an overhaul of the automaker's safety and recall practices, the U.S. Department of Transportation announced.

Fiat Chrysler must spend another $20 million to meet performance requirements laid out by the consent agreement. The automaker may have to pay another $15 million if the monitor discovers additional violations of U.S. auto safety laws, or if Fiat Chrysler violates terms set by the consent order, the department said.

Fiat Chrysler, as part of the consent agreement, admitted that it “failed to timely provide an effective remedy” in three recall campaigns, and that it failed to comply with “various reporting requirements” of U.S. laws governing recalls in a timely manner.

In a separate statement, the company said it accepted "the resulting consequences with renewed resolve to improve our handling of recalls and re-establish the trust our customers place in us."

The company said it was also "intent on rebuilding our relationship with NHTSA" and embracing the role of a public safety advocate.

NHTSA and other government officials appeared pleased with the broad agreement and the message it will send to other automakers.

“Today's action holds Fiat Chrysler accountable for its past failures, pushes them to get unsafe vehicles repaired or off the roads and takes concrete steps to keep Americans safer going forward,” Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx said in a statement. “This civil penalty puts manufacturers on notice that the Department will act when they do not take their obligations to repair safety defects seriously.”

The deal resolves the government's inquiry into the 23 Fiat Chrysler recalls that were outlined at a rare public hearing on the issue on July 2. The independent monitor could identity additional issues that require attention, according to a NHTSA official.

That monitor, to be approved by NHTSA, will “assess, track and report the company's recall performance” for the next three years, part of “unprecedented” additional oversight by the agency agreed to by Fiat Chrysler, the Transportation Department said.

As part of the deal, Fiat Chrysler has agreed to buy back more than 500,000 vehicles with defective suspension parts that could cause the vehicles to lose control.

Owners of more than 1 million Jeep Liberty and Grand Cherokee SUVs with rear-mounted fuel tanks linked to several deadly fires can either trade-in their vehicles for above-market value, or opt to take a “financial incentive” to have a trailer hitch installed, the department said.

“Fiat Chrysler's pattern of poor performance put millions of its customers, and the driving public, at risk,” NHTSA Administrator Mark Rosekind said in a statement. “This action will provide relief to owners of defective vehicles, will help improve recall performance throughout the auto industry, and gives Fiat Chrysler the opportunity to embrace a proactive safety culture.”

Fiat Chrysler becomes the third automaker after Honda Motor Co. and General Motors to fall under additional oversight by NHTSA since 2014 because of recall lapses. FCA has been in talks with NHTSA over the penalties for several weeks after the agency held a hearing into the company's recall and safety practices earlier this month.

At a rare public hearing on July 2, NHTSA cited evidence that Fiat Chrysler had taken too long to launch recalls, delayed producing parts needed to repair defects, and didn't do enough to ensure that consumers were notified and complied in a timely manner.

Rosekind, the head of NHTSA, said then that Fiat Chrysler had exhibited a pattern of not meeting its legal obligations covering recalls. At the hearing, Scott Kunselman, senior vice president of vehicle safety and regulatory affairs for Fiat Chrysler, acknowledged the company has fallen short while handling recalls and said NHTSA officials had "legitimate" concerns about the automaker's practices.

NHTSA said it would launch a new investigation into Fiat Chrysler's handling of a recall of about 1.4 million vehicles for possible cybersecurity flaws following a report that hackers took remote control of a moving Jeep.

In 2013, some 1.5 million older Jeep Liberty and Grand Cherokee SUVs were recalled to install trailer hitches if they didn't already have one to protect the fuel tank in a rear-end collision and lessen the risk of a fire following such a crash.

The plan was a compromise brokered by FCA CEO Sergio Marchionne and NHTSA's then-administrator David Strickland, who initially wanted the automaker to recall 2.7 million Jeeps for the problem. But the first run of replacement trailer hitches weren't manufactured until nearly a year later, in May 2014, prompting renewed scrutiny from the agency.

As of April 30, FCA had installed trailer hitches on about 320,000 of the 1.5 million recalled Jeeps.

The pace of fixes has been slow and sporadic, frustrating government officials.

NHTSA, amid a record string of recalls and high-profile safety lapses throughout the industry, has also come under fire from U.S. lawmakers and consumer advocates for failing to adequately monitor automakers and their suppliers.

Under Rosekind, who took over as administrator in December, the agency has moved to crack down on automakers and taken a harder stance on longtime industry safety practices. Foxx and NHTSA officials have also called for higher fines, now capped by Congress at $35 million per offense.

The agency, after a blistering report from the Transportation Department's inspector general, is overhauling its operations, notably defect analysis, while ratcheting up probes of automakers. It has also pressed for more cooperation from automakers.

“We need a proactive safety culture in this country,” Rosekind told reporters last week at a briefing in Detroit.

Honda was slapped with a $70 million fine in January -- the biggest levy at the time -- for failing to disclose more than 1,700 reports of deaths, injuries and other "early warning" information to federal safety officials over more than a decade.

Last year, General Motors was fined $35 million for failing to notify regulators in a timely manner of faulty ignition switches on older models that have been linked to more than 120 deaths. NHTSA recently decided to extend its oversight of GM's safety and recall practices.

This article originally appeared on Automotive News.

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